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The next Forum On Educational Policy (information in German only). with the topic "Early Childhood Education" will take place on 25th September at the Landesvertretung Schleswig-Holstein in Berlin.

Foto (v.l.n.r): MNStudio/shutterstock.com, photodeti/123RF.com, auremar/123RF.com, Diego Cervo/shutterstock.com

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DIW on 15.08.2018, 05:00 h
Successful climate protection via rapid coal phaseout in Germany and North Rhine-Westphalia

Power generation from lignite and hard coal was responsible for more than a quarter of German greenhouse gas emissions in 2016. Of all federal states, North Rhine-Westphalia is by far the largest carbon emitter. The Growth, Structural Change and Regional Development Commission (also known as “Coal Commission”) among others are currently debating alternative pathways toward a coal phaseout to achieve the national climate targets. The Coal Commission has been tasked with submitting specific recommendations by the end of 2018. Supported by detailed model calculations, the present study shows that a rapid reduction in coal-fired power [...] ( more )

IAMO on 15.08.2018, 02:30 h
IX International Conference “Large Farm Management”

Again this year, IAMO supports the Large Farm Management (LFM) Conference as a partner. The international conference will take place from 19 to 20 September 2018 in Kiev, Ukraine. ( more )

IFO on 10.08.2018, 04:00 h
CESifo Newsletter 2018/06

The CESifo Newsletter provides brief summaries of the most recently published CESifo Working Papers, as well as reporting on all CESifo events, news from the ifo Institute and the CESifo Group's most recent guests. ( more )

IAMO on 10.08.2018, 01:49 h
IAMO Career Talk - Career decisions after graduation

Former IAMO staff members report on their careers after the doctorate. The IAMO Career Talk will take place for the second time at IAMO on 30 August 2018. ( more )

IFO on 09.08.2018, 09:00 h
Selon l'Institut ifo, le climat économique mondial se détériore à nouveau

Le climat économique mondial s'est à nouveau détérioré, selon l'Institut ifo. L'indice a chuté au troisième trimestre, passant de 16,5 à 2,9 points, retrouvant ainsi son niveau du premier trimestre 2017. L'évaluation de la situation actuelle par les experts s'est certes fortement dégradée, mais elle se situe encore à un niveau élevé. Les prévisions ont cependant très fortement chuté et se situent à leur niveau le plus bas depuis fin 2011. La conjoncture mondiale connaît encore un sérieux coup de frein. ( more )

IFO on 09.08.2018, 09:00 h
ifo World Economic Climate Deteriorates Further

The ifo World Economic Climate deteriorated further in the third quarter. The indicator dropped from 16.5 points to 2.9 points in this quarter, returning to more or less the same level as in the first quarter of 2017. Although experts? assessments of the current economic situation deteriorated significantly, they nevertheless remain at a high level. Their economic expectations, by contrast, were scaled back considerably, falling to their lowest level since the end of 2011. The world economy has slowed to a crawl. ( more )

IAMO on 08.08.2018, 12:03 h
IAMO-GIZ cooperation on modelling Agricultural Sector in Tajikistan

IAMO and HFFA Research GmbH are cooperating with GIZ Tajikistan office in developing Agricultural Sector Model for Tajikistan. The model will be used by Ministry of Economics of Tajikistan and Ministry of Agriculture of Tajikistan in their daily planning activities. ( more )

DIW on 08.08.2018, 09:38 h
Low tax burden for passenger cars in Germany; reform of vehicle and fuel taxation needed

Abstract: In a systematic European comparison of taxes and duties on passenger cars, Germany is in the lower third – Taxes on passenger cars neither raise enough revenue nor provide sufficient incentives for less polluting passenger car traffic. Germany needs to reform its passenger car and fuel taxation and make a gradual increase in the diesel tax a priority. This is the conclusion reached by Uwe Kunert, a transport economist at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) who systematically analyzed and compared passenger car tax systems for 30 European countries (EU-28, Norway, and Switzerland) in a new study. “The [...] ( more )

IFO on 08.08.2018, 09:00 h
ifo : Améliorer la constitution de patrimoine pour le grand public en Allemagne

Pour lutter contre les inégalités, l'Institut ifo a demandé que la constitution de patrimoine pour le grand public soit facilitée et que le versement des prestations sociales ne s'arrête pas brutalement à partir d'un certain seuil de revenu. ( more )

IFO on 08.08.2018, 08:00 h
ifo: Making it Easier for More People to Accumulate Wealth

The ifo Institute has called on the German government to fight inequality by making it easier for the majority of citizens to accumulate wealth; and to stop abruptly cutting off social benefits at certain income levels. ( more )

IFO on 03.08.2018, 09:00 h
Le climat des affaires dans la zone euro chute à nouveau, selon l'Institut ifo

l'atmosphère se refroidit dans la zone euro. Le climat des affaires selon l'Institut ifo a enregistré une chute, passant de 31,1 à 19,6 points. Alors que l'estimation de la situation par les experts s'est légèrement détériorée, les prévisions se sont fortement assombries et ont atteint leur valeur la plus basse depuis fin 2012. Cela indique un affaiblissement de la conjoncture dans la zone euro. ( more )

IFO on 02.08.2018, 09:00 h
ifo Economic Climate for the Euro Area Falls

Sentiment in the euro area weakened this quarter. The ifo Economic Climate for the euro area fell from 31.1 balance points last quarter to 19.6 balance points. Although experts? assessments of the current economic situation only deteriorated slightly, their economic expectations clouded over significantly, dropping to their lowest level since the end of 2012. This signals an economic slowdown in the euro area. ( more )

IFO on 31.07.2018, 10:00 h
ifo Panel d'économistes: nombrilisme critique des économistes allemands

La crise financière a laissé des traces importantes, pas seulement dans l'économie, mais aussi chez les professeurs de sciences économiques en Allemagne. Une majorité des économistes interrogés perçoit une forte remise en question des modèles et des hypothèses qu'ils enseignent de la part de leurs étudiants. C'est ce que montre l'analyse du panel d'économistes réalisée par l'Institut ifo et la Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. « L'économie comportementale fait partie des gagnants de la crise financière », explique Niklas Potrafke, directeur du centre de l'Institut ifo pour les finances publiques et l'économie politique. Et d'ajouter : [...] ( more )

IFO on 31.07.2018, 09:00 h
ifo Economists Panel: Critical Self-reflection

The financial crisis has had a lasting impact not only on the economy but also among German professors of economics. A majority of surveyed economists observe an increasing questioning of models and model assumptions among their students. This is seen in the results of the last ifo/FAZ Economists Panel. ?Behavioral economics has benefitted from the financial crisis?, remarks Niklas Potrafke, Director of the ifo Center for Public Finance and Political Economy, and, in addition, ?empirical economic research has also gained in importance?. ( more )

IFO on 30.07.2018, 11:00 h
ifo Business Climate Index for Eastern Germany Rises Clearly

The ifo Business Climate Index for Eastern German trade and industry rose sharply in July to 106.6 points from 105.3 points in June. After survey participants had already upwardly revised their business expectations last month, they continue to rise sharply in July. Eastern German companies were also more satisfied with their current business situation. The eastern German economy is currently seeing an upturn. ( more )

IFO on 30.07.2018, 11:00 h
Institut ifo: La rencontre entre Juncker et Trump fait naître des espoirs

Selon Gabriel Felbermayr, dirigeant du centre ifo pour le commerce extérieur, l'issue des discussions entre le président de la Commission européenne, Jean-Claude Juncker, et le président des États-Unis, Donald Trump, est réjouissante. « L'issue du sommet fait naître des espoirs de voir les deux plus grandes économies au monde débuter des négociations constructives pour supprimer les entraves au commerce, plutôt que de se menacer mutuellement avec des droits de douane », commente Felbermayr. Les droits de douane menaçants sur les automobiles semblant avoir été évités, les préoccupations concernant la conjoncture diminuent [...] ( more )

IFO on 28.07.2018, 11:00 h
ifo Newsletter July 2018

The ifo Newsletter offers monthly reports in German on ifo's latest research results, key publications, selected events, personnel matters, forthcoming dates and much more. ( more )

IFO on 27.07.2018, 09:00 h
ifo Institute: SMEs Criticise GDPR

Personnel managers at small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) see the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as particularly problematic, according to a recent survey jointly conducted by ifo and Randstad. Overall, the survey results show that personnel managers are largely critical of the new GDPR, with 76% viewing it as predominantly negative. The share of SMEs (with a maximum of 249 employees) that were critical of the GDPR was almost 10% higher than among large companies (250+ employees). SMEs are deeply concerned by the warning procedure for (supposed) violations of the GDPR, which has already been set in motion. ( more )

IFO on 26.07.2018, 11:30 h
Fast 1 000 Milliarden Target-Forderungen der Bundesbank: Was steckt dahinter?

Der Target-Saldo der Bundesbank steigt schon zehn Jahre lang und liegt nun ungefähr bei einer Billion Euro. Zyklisch hat sich der Wert von ca. 70 Mrd. Euro Ende 2007 auf den Wert von 976 Mrd. Euro Ende Juni 2018 hinbewegt. Hans-Werner Sinn sieht darin ein System, das unbegrenzte Überziehungskredite zulasse und nicht überleben könne, weil es nicht zur Knappheit der Ressourcen in der Wirklichkeit passe. Es führe zwangsläufig zur Überdehnung der Ansprüche, bis es aus wirtschaftlichen oder politischen Gründen zerbreche. In seinem Artikel diskutiert Hans-Werner Sinn mehrere Möglichkeiten, die allein oder in Kombination realisiert werden könnten, [...] ( more )

IFO on 26.07.2018, 09:30 h
German Companies Still Searching for New Staff

German companies are still very keen to recruit additional staff. The ifo Employment Barometer remained at 104.1 points in July. The prolonged upturn in the German employment market is currently showing no signs of fading. ( more )

IFO on 26.07.2018, 09:00 h
Export Expectations Rise

Sentiment among German exporters firmed slightly this month. The ifo export expectations in manufacturing rose to 13.7 balance points in July from 12.6 balance points last month. This marked their first increase after seven consecutive decreases. The world economic climate nevertheless remains difficult for German exporters. ( more )

IFO on 26.07.2018, 09:00 h
Révision des prévisions à la hausse concernant le volume des exportations

Début d'un regain d'enthousiasme chez les exportateurs allemands. Les prévisions de l'Institut ifo concernant le volume des exportations de l'industrie ont été revues à la hausse en juillet, pour passer à 13,7 points contre 12,7 points en juin. C'est la première croissance après sept baisses consécutives. Cependant, le contexte économique mondial reste tendu pour les exportateurs allemands. ( more )

DIW on 26.07.2018, 08:57 h
Signs of New Housing Bubble in Many OECD Countries – Lower Risk in Germany

Ten years after the worldwide financial and economic crisis was triggered by the American real estate market, real estate prices are rising around the globe. Concerns about a new housing bubble are growing. The present report based on OECD data for 20 countries demonstrates that this concern is not unwarranted. In eight countries, including the United Kingdom and the USA, the evolution of real estate prices indicates that speculative investment behavior is at work. The continued high level of private household debt and low interest rates are evidence of a new bubble in those countries. There are also signs of this in Germany, but primarily in the [...] ( more )

IFO on 25.07.2018, 10:30 h
ifo Business Climate Index Edges Downwards

The ifo Business Climate deteriorated marginally this month. The index fell to 101.7 points in July from 101.8 points in June. Companies were slightly more satisfied with their current business situation, but scaled back their business expectations slightly. The German economy continues to expand, but at a slower pace. ( more )

IFO on 25.07.2018, 02:00 h
ifo climat des affaires en Allemagne juillet 2018 : l'index ifo du climat des affaires est en légère baisse

Le climat des affaires s'est très légèrement dégradé, selon l'Institut ifo. L'indice est passé de 101,8 points en juin à 101,7 points en juillet. Les entrepreneurs se sont montrés un peu plus satisfaits de la situation actuelle de leurs affaires. Ils ont cependant révisé leurs prévisions un peu à la baisse. L'économie allemande poursuit à présent son expansion à un rythme plus lent. ( more )

IFO on 24.07.2018, 09:00 h
ifo Institute: Felbermayr Favours More Cross-Border Trade in Services

ifo trade expert Gabriel Felbermayr and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) for Munich and Upper Bavaria are calling for lower barriers to cross-border trade in services. ?Together with business, politicians need to create rules that involve less red tape and that are more strongly focused on the needs of small and medium-sized companies (SMEs). Public authorities and the chambers can provide greater support for trade in services via eGovernment programs, electronic information platforms and by offering support with public tenders,? said Felbermayr commenting on a new study that he conducted on behalf of the CCI for Munich and Upper [...] ( more )

IAMO on 24.07.2018, 06:00 h
IAMO Policy Brief 34 issued

24. July 2018 In July 2018, Ulrich Koester , Yanjun Ren und Jens-Peter Loy published IAMO Policy Brief 34 on the subject "Measurement and Reduction of Food Loss and Waste - Reconsidered" .

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), one third of all food is lost or wasted as it moves from production to consumption. The number of recent publications on food loss and waste (FLW), and policy initiatives of governments and international organizations indicate the high priority of this topic. With this in mind, the methodology to measure FLW has important implications for policy recommendations. [...] ( more )

DIW on 18.07.2018, 03:00 h
The Greek private sector remains full of untapped potential

Private businesses’ nominal value added in Greece has fallen by 38 percent over the last ten years. Micro firms were hit particularly hard. Despite efforts to stabilize the macroeconomic environment, there are only weak signs of recovery. Future prospects are not much better, as—with the exception of labor market regulations—the conditions for investments and business activities have not been sufficiently changed through eight years of reform process. Fundamental issues—excessive red tape, bulky administrative procedures, slow courts, complicated taxes, and an inefficient knowledge transfer—remain unaddressed. Greece [...] ( more )