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The next Forum On Educational Policy (information in German only). with the topic "Early Childhood Education" will take place on 25th September at the Landesvertretung Schleswig-Holstein in Berlin.

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News

DIW on 22.05.2018, 10:19 h
Maximilian Bach wins BeNA Innovation Research Award 2018

Maximilian Bach, a DIW PhD candidate and Research Associate at the Education and Family Department , has received the BeNA Innovation Research Award 2018. The prize was awarded for his current paper "Teacher Incentives and Grade Retention" at this year's  BeNA Labor Economics Workshop on May 14. The GC congratulates Max on his success!
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DIPF on 22.05.2018, 02:55 h
Obituary

At DIPF, Dr Jean-Paul Reeff is mourned, who passed away in Berlin on May 6, 2018. ( more )

IFO on 22.05.2018, 01:00 h
Brexit Effect Less Worrying for the Economy in Hessen

The negative effects of Brexit on the overall economy in Hessen and Frankfurt-Rhine-Main will remain manageable despite the close economic ties with the UK. ?In the end, Hessen should manage Brexit better than the other German federal states?, said Prof. Mathias Mueller, President of the Frankfurt am Main Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCI) at a presentation of a study commissioned by the CCI and conducted by the ifo Institute for Economic Research in Munich. The reason for the less unfavourable development is the particular strength of the financial sector and business-related services in the Frankfurt-Rhine-Main metropolitan region, with [...] ( more )

DIW on 18.05.2018, 11:00 h
Regulatory differences and international financial integration

Abstract: The Capital Markets Union (CMU) – an initiative of the European Commission – aims to unify and deepen capital markets across EU Member States by removing existing barriers to cross-border investment and, in particular, harmonizing financial and business regulations. However, harmonizing institutional frameworks across the EU Member States that historically have different legal traditions is difficult and requires time. This article summarizes important steps to harmonizing business and financial laws in the EU and discusses empirical and theoretical literature on the role of legal harmonization in deepening and better [...] ( more )

IFO on 18.05.2018, 09:00 h
Inequality and Economic Growth: Why the IMF and OECD Are Wrong

In rich countries income inequality goes hand in hand with economic growth. A negative correlation between inequality and growth can only be seen in particularly poor countries, according to EconPol?s latest Policy Brief by network members at the ifo Institute. ?The sweeping assertion that an unequal distribution of net income entails low economic growth is untenable, despite the fact that it was recently made by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD),? notes ifo President Clemens Fuest, one of the authors of the Policy Brief. ( more )

DIW on 18.05.2018, 04:24 h
Jonas Jessen Receives a Grant from the German Academic Scholarship Foundation

Jonas Jessen, from the Education and Family department, has been granted a scholarship from the German Academic Scholarship Foundation (Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes) from June 2018 on. The Dean of the Graduate Center, Prof. Weizsäcker congratulates him on his success!
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IFO on 17.05.2018, 09:00 h
German Economists Criticise Macron’s Proposals

German economists are highly sceptical about French President Emmanuel Macron?s euro proposals, according to the results of the latest Economists Panel, a survey of 129 German economics professors conducted by the ifo Institute and the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. ( more )

IAMO on 11.05.2018, 02:28 h
Outcome of the workshop “Food 4.0 and globalization”

The workshop ?Food 4.0 and globalization: Chances and Challenges for Western Balkans - Consumers' role in changing global food supply chains? took place in Belgrade, Serbia, from 26 to 27 April 2018. The event has been organized by IAMO in cooperation with the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Belgrade and the Leibniz ScienceCampus ?Eastern Europe - Global Area? (EEGA). ( more )

IFO on 11.05.2018, 01:00 h
CESifo Newsletter 2018/04

The CESifo Newsletter provides brief summaries of the most recently published CESifo Working Papers, as well as reporting on all CESifo events, news from the ifo Institute and the CESifo Group's most recent guests. ( more )

IAMO on 09.05.2018, 12:48 h
IAMO Forum 2018: Registration for early bird price until 11 May

11 May is the deadline for early bird registration for IAMO Forum 2018 ?Large-scale agriculture ? for profit and society??. ( more )

IFO on 09.05.2018, 08:00 h
German Trade Sector Suffers Clear Shortage of Skilled Staff

The shortage of skilled staff is now being clearly felt in the trade sector, according to the latest business survey conducted by the ifo Institute. ?23.9 percent of the wholesalers surveyed (excluding the automotive segment) reported a shortage of skilled staff, versus just 18.2 percent a year ago. In retailing (excluding the automotive segment) this figure was as high as 25.7 percent, versus just 18.0 percent a year ago. 25.4 percent of car dealers also reported a shortage of skilled staff compared to 22.5 percent last year. ( more )

DIW on 09.05.2018, 04:00 h
Mandatory day care for preschool children would not be an effective solution in targeting particular children

In Germany, around 94 percent of children between the ages of three and six attend a day care center. Regarding the remaining six percent, many experts have speculated that children, primarily those from socio-economically disadvantaged households, do not use day care. Based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Families in Germany survey (FiD), the present study is one of the first representative studies to look at preschool children three and older who do not attend a day care center. The findings show that they are not necessarily from socio-economically disadvantaged homes. Some parents with high incomes and high levels of [...] ( more )

IFO on 08.05.2018, 09:00 h
Le climat des affaires mondial se détériore, selon l'Institut ifo

Le climat des affaires mondial s'est dégradé, selon l'Institut ifo. L'indice a chuté de près de 10 points, passant de 26,0 à 16,5 au deuxième trimestre, retrouvant ainsi son niveau du quatrième trimestre 2017. L'évaluation de la situation économique actuelle par les experts demeure positive. Leurs prévisions sont nettement moins optimistes que pour le trimestre précédent. La reprise de la croissance mondiale reste inchangée, mais ralentit. ( more )

IFO on 08.05.2018, 09:00 h
ifo World Economic Climate Deteriorates

The ifo World Economic Climate has deteriorated. The indicator dropped from 26.0 points to 16.5 points in the second quarter, returning to more or less the same level as in the fourth quarter of 2017. Experts? assessments of the current economic situation remained as favourable as last quarter, but their expectations are far less optimistic. The world economy is still experiencing an upturn, but it is losing impetus. ( more )

DIW on 08.05.2018, 03:16 h
SOEP mourns loss of former SOEP Director Wolfgang Zapf

Wolfgang Zapf, former SOEP Director and longtime supporter and advocate for the SOEP, passed away in late April at the age of 81. Wolfgang Zapf was instrumental in the founding of the SOEP study in the early 1980s, together with colleagues in the fields of sociology and economics. He has had an enduring influence on the measurement concepts used in the SOEP, and his quality of life concept has become a become central to SOEP longitudinal study. When Hans-Jürgen Krupp left DIW Berlin in 1988, Wolfgang Zapf took on the responsibilities of interim director without question—despite his extensive responsibilities as President of the WZB [...] ( more )

IAMO on 08.05.2018, 02:26 h
IAMO-led consortium launches new structured doctoral programme on Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia

08. May 2018 The Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO) and Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), both in Halle (Saale), Germany, in conjunction with Samarkand Agricultural University (SamAI) in Uzbekistan and the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC) in Almaty, Kazakhstan, announce the establishment of an innovative structured doctoral programme on ?Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia? ( SUSADICA ).

Given the fundamental importance of agriculture for sustainable development in Central Asia, the SUSADICA Doctoral Programme pursues cutting edge [...] ( more )

IFO on 07.05.2018, 08:15 h
Bitter People Worry More About Immigration

Bitter people who feel that they have not received what they deserve in life worry more about immigration. ?This relationship holds for individuals with different levels of skills and job security, for both men and women, and for people from eastern and western Germany,? says Panu Poutvaara, Director of the ifo Center for International Institutional Comparisons and Migration Research. These are the key findings of new research conducted by Poutvaara together with Max Steinhardt from Helmut Schmidt University in Hamburg. ( more )

IAMO on 07.05.2018, 02:48 h
Baku Conference: Submission deadline

+++ Abstract submission of the BAKU Conference ?Agriculture Trade and Foreign Investments for Sustainable Regional Integration in Caucasus and Central Asia? is still open until 11 May 2018. +++ ( more )

DIW on 05.05.2018, 10:15 h
Amelie Schiprowski has successfully defended her dissertation

Amelie Schiprowski, who is a member of the DIW Graduate Center, has successfully defended her dissertation at the University of Potsdam. The dissertation with the title "Four Empirical Essays on the Economics of Job Search" was supervised by Prof. Dr. Marco Caliendo (University of Potsdam) and Prof. Dr. Peter Haan (DIW Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin). We congratulate Amelie on her success and wish her all the best for her future career!
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DIW on 04.05.2018, 10:00 h
Risk aversion and other factors determine income redistribution preferences

The amount of redistribution people favor depends on socioeconomic factors and their views on fairness. This study, based on a representative survey conducted in Sweden, confirms earlier results: Higher incomes are correlated with wanting less redistribution, women are more in favor of redistribution than men on average, and older people favor it more than younger people. People’s views on fairness and altruism also play a role. The study also shows for the first time that individual differences in risk aversion correlate with redistributive preferences. People who shy away from risk tend to wish for more redistribution than people who are [...] ( more )

DIW on 04.05.2018, 04:47 h
Nils May has successfully defended his dissertation

Nils May, who works at the department of Climate Policy , has successfully defended his dissertation at the Technische Universität Berlin.

The dissertation with the title "The Economics of Financing and Integrating Renewable Energies" was supervised by Prof. Karsten Neuhoff, Ph.D. (DIW Berlin, Technische Universität Berlin) and Prof. Dr. Rolf Wüstenhagen (University of St.Gallen). We congratulate Nils on his success and wish him all the best for his future career!
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IFO on 02.05.2018, 10:00 h
The Possibility of a Euro Finance Minister – A New Office Bringing Little Added Value to Europe

Creating the office of ?Euro Minister of Economy and Finance? will not be able to solve the main problems facing fiscal coordination in Europe. This is the finding of a recent study conducted by a European team in the EconPol Europe research network and coordinated by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Mannheim. The study was presented at a seminar in Brussels today. ?The creation of a European finance minister should by no means be a priority in Eurozone reform. We run the considerable risk of creating a new, impressive title with no actual substance. This could ultimately end up doing further damage to the reputation of the [...] ( more )

IFO on 02.05.2018, 09:00 h
ifo Economic Climate for the Euro Area Cools Down

The ifo Economic Climate for the euro area cooled down from 43.2 balance points to 31.1 balance points in the second quarter, after reaching its highest level since 2000 last quarter. Experts continued to assess the current economic situation as very good, but scaled back their expectations significantly. The economic upturn will slow down as a result. Experts expect growth of 2.2 percent for this year, versus 2.4 percent growth in 2017. ( more )

IFO on 02.05.2018, 09:00 h
Le climat des affaires se détériore dans la zone euro selon l'Institut ifo

Le climat des affaires dans la zone euro s'est dégradé selon l'Institut ifo, reculant de 43,2 à 31,1 points. Au trimestre précédent, il avait atteint son plus haut niveau depuis 2000. Les experts continuent d'évaluer la situation de façon très positive, mais leurs prévisions ont sensiblement diminué. La croissance devrait ainsi ralentir. Les experts prévoient une croissance de 2,2 pour cent pour l'année en cours après une croissance effective de 2,4 pour cent l'année dernière. ( more )

IAMO on 02.05.2018, 03:23 h
IAMO Forum 2018: Conference program is now available online

The conference will deal with "Large-scale agriculture ? for profit and society?" and is to be held at IAMO in Halle (Saale), Germany, from 27 to 29 June 2018. IAMO Forum 2018 presents insights into the drivers, perspectives and challenges of large-scale farming and the increasing role of stakeholder interests. ( more )

IFO on 30.04.2018, 12:00 h
The ECB's Fiscal Policy

While the ECB helped mitigate the euro crisis in the aftermath of Lehman, it has stretched its monetary mandate and moved into fiscal territory. This text describes and summarises the crucial role played by the ECB in the intervention spiral resulting from its bid to manage the crisis. It also outlines ongoing competitiveness problems in southern Europe, discusses the so-called austerity policy of the Troika, comments on QE and presents two alternative paths for the future development of Europe. ( more )

IFO on 30.04.2018, 10:00 h
ifo Newsletter April 2018

The ifo Newsletter offers monthly reports in German on ifo's latest research results, key publications, selected events, personnel matters, forthcoming dates and much more. ( more )

IFO on 30.04.2018, 01:00 h
ifo Expert Felbermayr: USA Is Running Surplus Against EU

The ifo trade expert Gabriel Felbermayr sees the transatlantic tariff dispute as, ?the deepest trade policy crisis of the post-war era, regardless of whether US President Donald Trump decides to postpone tariffs on 186 European steel and aluminium products, or postpone this measure again.? According to Felbermayr, the US President is right to highlight the EU?s higher import tariffs. ?But economic relations as a whole are by no means unfair to the USA. In 2017 the US ran a current account surplus (goods, services and corporate profits) of 14 billion US dollars against the EU. So the USA are not less vulnerable than the EU in any way,? noted [...] ( more )

IFO on 27.04.2018, 11:00 h
ifo Business Climate Index for Eastern Germany Edges Upwards

Sentiment among eastern German companies improved again somewhat in April. The Business Climate Index for Eastern German trade and industry rose from 105.2 points last month to 105.5 points in April. Survey participants? assessments of the current business situation remained at last month?s high level. Their business expectations improved slightly once again. Eastern German companies remain highly satisfied at the beginning of the second quarter. ( more )

IAMO on 27.04.2018, 09:42 h
IAMO initiates primary data collection on livestock development in three Central Asian countries

From 2 to 15 April 2018, IAMO associates Dr. Sarah Robinson and Nozilakhon Mukhamedova together with partners from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan conducted a pilot survey of livestock farmers in Kazakhstan that will provide unique insights into current constraints and opportunities of animal husbandry. ( more )

DIW on 26.04.2018, 10:30 h
DIW Economic Barometer April 2018: upswing continues at a slower pace

Abstract: The Economic Barometer of the German Insitute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) remains high but is signaling a weakening of the growth rate. It reached a score of 126 points in the first quarter and 121 points in the second quarter, well above the 100-point mark that stands for average growth.
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DIW on 26.04.2018, 10:16 h
Social services: a rapidly growing economic sector

The social services sector has experienced growth at a far above-average pace in the past, and employment has even accelerated since the middle of the past decade. This is due to a strong increase in demand for this sector's services as a result of an aging society and from increasing tasks to solve problems in families. The influx of refugees has also affected demand. Almost everywhere in the EU, the social services sector is being strongly expanded. The sector's structures are similar across countries: very marked labor intensiveness and a wage level significantly below the national average, resulting in low measured productivity. In Germany, [...] ( more )

IFO on 26.04.2018, 09:00 h
Recruiting Drive Reaches Its Limits

Fewer German companies now plan to recruit additional staff. The ifo Employment Barometer dropped to 103.3 points in April from 103.9 points in March. The job boom seen in recent months is cooling down. ( more )

IAMO on 26.04.2018, 07:23 h
Today starts the workshop „Food 4.0 and Globalization“

A workshop entitled ?Food 4.0 and globalization: Chances and Challenges for Western Balkans - Consumers' role in changing global food supply chains? will take place in Belgrade, Serbia, from 26 to 27 April 2018. ( more )

IAMO on 25.04.2018, 10:58 h
Urban Gardening at IAMO

25. April 2018 Spring has finally arrived and the first branches and flowers have begun to sprout. As part of the sustainability working group, scientists and administrators have gathered to garden together. The gardeners are put to the test, if they are green-fingered or not, when sowing and caring for the different plant species. Tomatoes, peas, zucchini and herbs are cultivated in the two raised beds of the institute. The first daisybushes (osteospermum) can also be admired on the beds. ( more )

IFO on 25.04.2018, 09:00 h
Allemagne: Révision à la baisse des prévisions concernant le volume des exportations

Le climat s'est légèrement détérioré chez les exportateurs allemands. Les prévisions de l'Institut ifo concernant le volume des exportations de l'industrie ont été revues à la baisse en avril, chutant à +15,6 points contre +15,8 points en mars. La situation revient progressivement à la normale chez les exportateurs allemands. ( more )

IFO on 25.04.2018, 09:00 h
Export Expectations Fall

Sentiment among German exporters weakened slightly this month. ifo Export Expectations for manufacturing fell to 15.6 balance points in April from 15.8 balance points in March. German exports are gradually returning to a normal level. ( more )

IAMO on 24.04.2018, 11:54 h
Workshop on global sharing of agricultural risk

From 9 to 10 April 2018, scientists and practitioners met at the IAMO for a workshop on ?Global sharing of agricultural risk: Stimulating the dialog and promoting cooperation between Central Asia and Germany?. ( more )

IFO on 24.04.2018, 10:30 h
ifo Business Climate Index Falls Again

High spirits among German businesses have evaporated. The ifo Business Climate Index for Germany fell to 102.1 points in April from 103.3 points in March. The indicator for the current business situation fell and expectations also deteriorated. The German economy is slowing down. ( more )

DIW on 24.04.2018, 03:41 h
Call for Papers: Vierteljahrsheft zur Wirtschaftsforschung (Quarterly Journal of Economic Research)

European banking landscape between diversity, competition and concentration In ecology, bio-diverse systems are considered to be particularly resilient. Biodiversity increases the ability to absorb shocks as well as the likelihood of returning to stable conditions without external interventions. Shock absorption is also essential to the banking system (Haldane & May 2011). Thus, it is worth examining if the paradigm of diversity also applies to the landscapes of European banking. Is a credit system, consisting of only a few, highly diversified and capital-market-oriented big banks, more efficient and stable than a system in which large banks [...] ( more )

IFO on 24.04.2018, 02:30 h
L'indice du climat des affaires se détériore encore, selon l'Institut ifo

L'euphorie se dissipe dans les directions des entreprises en Allemagne. L'indice du climat des affaires en Allemagne de l'Institut ifo est descendu à 102,1 points en avril, après 103,3 points en mars. L'indice évaluant la situation actuelle a accusé une baisse. Les prévisions se sont également détériorées. L'économie allemande ralentit. ( more )