Forum On Educational Policy

The Forum On Educational Policy (information in German only) with the topic "Early Childhood Education" took place on 25th September in Berlin. The next Forum will take place on October 23th 2019.

Foto (v.l.n.r): MNStudio/shutterstock.com, photodeti/123RF.com, auremar/123RF.com, Diego Cervo/shutterstock.com

News

IFO on 17.04.2019, 09:00 h
ifo Schnelldienst: Electric Vehicles are not a Panacea for Climate Change

Electric vehicles will barely help cut CO2 emissions in Germany over the coming years, as the introduction of electric vehicles does not necessarily lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions from road traffic. Natural gas combustion engines are the ideal technology for transitioning to vehicles powered by hydrogen or ?green? methane in the long term. ( more )

IFO on 17.04.2019, 09:00 h
ifo express : les automobiles électriques ne sont pas la panacée pour protéger le climat

Les automobiles électriques ne devraient guère contribuer dans les années à venir à la réduction des émissions de CO2 en Allemagne, cette technologie ne conduisant en soi pas à leur diminution dans le trafic routier. Les moteurs thermiques au gaz naturel constituent une technologie de transition idéale avant l?introduction, à plus long terme, d?automobiles propulsées à l?hydrogène ou au « méthane vert ». ( more )

IFO on 17.04.2019, 09:00 h
Kohlemotoren, Windmotoren und Dieselmotoren: Was zeigt die CO2-Bilanz?

Dieser Artikel vergleicht aufgrund offzieller Messdaten zwei Mittelklasseautos, den Mercedes C 220 d und den neuen Tesla Model 3, bezüglich ihres Verbrauchs an Diesel bzw. Strom. Dabei werden alternative marginale Energiequellen für den Strom sowie der tatsächliche Strommix Deutschlands aus dem Jahr 2018 zugrunde gelegt. Ferner wird eine Metastudie für den CO 2 -Ausstoß bei der Batteriefertigung berücksichtigt. Es zeigt sich, dass der CO 2 -Ausstoß des Elektromotors im günstigen Fall um etwa ein Zehntel und im ungünstigen Fall um ein gutes Viertel über dem Ausstoß des Dieselmotors liegt. Am günstigsten ist der mit Methan betriebene [...] ( more )

IFO on 16.04.2019, 10:00 h
ifo Dresden Newsletter 16 April 2019

The ifo Dresden Newsletter is a free service of the ifo Branch Dresden and informs you (in German) about new publications and selected events especially of the ifo Dresden Branch. It is sent by e-mail every two months while publishing the journal ?ifo Dresden berichtet?. ( more )

IFO on 16.04.2019, 10:00 h
ifo Researchers Criticize the Equal Living Conditions Commission Approach

The German federal government has appointed a high-ranking commission to reduce regional inequality. By the middle of the year, this commission is to draw up recommendations for action on how to ensure ?equal living conditions? both in cities and in rural areas. In a recent essay, Marcel Thum and Joachim Ragnitz from the ifo Institute?s Dresden Branch criticize the Equal Living Conditions Commission approach. ( more )

IFO on 16.04.2019, 09:00 h
Des chercheurs de l’ifo critiquent le choix de confier l’analyse de l’équivalence des conditions de vie à une commission

Le gouvernement fédéral allemand a formé une commission de haut niveau dans le but de supprimer les inégalités. Celle-ci est chargée de recommander, d?ici la fin du premier semestre, des mesures permettant d?instaurer des « conditions de vie équivalentes » à la ville comme à la campagne. Marcel Thum et Joachim Ragnitz, de l?agence de Dresde de l?institut ifo, viennent de critiquer ce choix dans un essai récemment publié. ( more )

IFO on 15.04.2019, 09:00 h
Selon des chercheurs du réseau EconPol, l’entrée d’immigrants peu qualifiés favoriserait le vote en faveur des partis d’extrême-droite

Comme l?indiquent les résultats d?une étude publiée par le réseau EconPol Europe, l?immigration favoriserait le soutien aux candidats d?extrême-droite et réduirait le soutien aux candidats d?extrême-gauche, les zones habitées par des immigrants non européens à faible niveau scolaire donnant la plus grande impulsion à l?extrême-droite. ( more )

IFO on 15.04.2019, 08:00 h
Low-skilled immigration increases support for far-right parties, say EconPol researchers

Immigration increases support for far-right political candidates and reduces support for far-left candidates, with areas with low-educated non-European immigrants providing the biggest boost to the far-right. These are the conclusions of a paper released by EconPol Europe. ( more )

IAMO on 11.04.2019, 11:37 h
Abstract submission deadline for the workshop “Agriculture and society” extended until 18 April 2019

A workshop entitled ?Agriculture and society: A multi-stakeholder dialogue for stable and sustainable development? (UaAgriDialog) for researchers, academics and representatives from practice, politics and civil society will take place in Zhytomyr, Ukraine. ( more )

IFO on 11.04.2019, 09:30 h
ifo economist Pittel on the WBGU report: European digitalization strategy needed

Today, the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) is submitting a report entitled ?Towards our common digital future? to Anja Karliczek, Federal Minister of Education and Research, and Svenja Schulze, Federal Minister of the Environment. The report examines the challenges and opportunities of digitalization and highlights how they affect the sustainable development of the economy and society. ( more )

DIW on 10.04.2019, 10:40 h
In Germany, Younger, Better Educated Persons, and Lower Income Groups Are More Likely to Be in Favor of Unconditional Basic Income

by   Jule Adriaans , Stefan Liebig and Juergen Schupp Representative survey results have shown a stable approval rate for implementing unconditional basic income of between 45 and 52 percent in Germany since 2016/17. In European comparison, this approval rate is low. Younger, better educated persons, and those at risk of poverty support the concept of unconditional basic income in Germany. But these demographics are not the only factors that correlate with attitudes toward unconditional basic income: subjective justice attitudes do as well. The justice norm of equity and unconditional basic income appear to be contradictory. On the other [...] ( more )

IAMO on 10.04.2019, 06:32 h
IAMO newsletter 1/2019 issued

+++ IAMO Forum 2019: Registration for early bird ticket prices +++ Workshop on tensions between agriculture and society +++ Effects of social media on the marketing of agricultural products +++ These and more reports in the current IAMO newsletter ( more )

IFO on 08.04.2019, 11:00 h
CESifo Newsletter 2019/03

The CESifo Newsletter provides brief summaries of the most recently published CESifo Working Papers, as well as reporting on all CESifo events, news from the ifo Institute and the CESifo Group's most recent guests. ( more )

IFO on 08.04.2019, 10:00 h
ifo: Les entreprises chinoises rachètent des entreprises étrangères plutôt grandes, peu coûteuses et peu rentables

Les acquisitions étrangères des entreprises chinoises se différencient de celles réalisées par les entreprises d?autres pays. Les investisseurs chinois tendent en effet à racheter de grandes entreprises relativement plus endettées et moins profitables. Les prix dont ils s?acquittent sont inférieurs à ceux payés par les autres investisseurs. ( more )

IFO on 08.04.2019, 09:00 h
ifo Institute: Chinese companies buy larger, cheaper, and less profitable companies abroad

Cross-border company acquisitions by Chinese companies differ from those made by companies in other countries. Chinese investors buy larger companies with higher debt levels and lower profitability. The prices paid by Chinese investors in these transactions are lower than what other investors pay. ( more )

IFO on 04.04.2019, 10:00 h
Significant cooling of the economy – Political risks high

Germany?s leading economics research institutes have revised their forecasts for economic growth in 2019 significantly downward. They expect Germany?s gross domestic product to increase by 0.8%. This is more than one percentage point less than in autumn 2018, when the forecast was still for 1.9% growth. In contrast, the institutes confirm their previous forecast for the year 2020: gross domestic product is expected to increase by 1.8%. These are the results of the Joint Economic Forecast for spring 2019, which will be presented in Berlin on Thursday. ( more )

DIW on 04.04.2019, 10:00 h
Joint economic forecast spring 2019: Significant Cooling of the Economy - Political Risks High

Abstract: Press release of the project group "Gemeinschaftsdiagnose": German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) – Member of the Leibniz Association, ifo Institute – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in cooperation with the KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), RWI – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research in cooperation with the Institute for Advanced Studies Vienna
Germany’s leading economics research institutes have revised their forecasts for economic growth in 2019 [...] ( more )

IAMO on 03.04.2019, 10:58 h
Restructuring in the Uzbek agricultural sector

In March 2019, researchers Martin Petrick and Nodir Djanibekov published the IAMO Policy Brief 36 entitled ?Farm Restructuring in Uzbekistan: What Next??. ( more )

IAMO on 03.04.2019, 09:15 h
Vacancies

The Agricultural Policy department and Structural Change department (TRAFOBIT project) are looking for student assistants in order to support the research activities. ( more )

DIW on 03.04.2019, 03:00 h
The Low-Wage Sector in Germany Is Larger Than Previously Assumed

by   Markus M. Grabka and Carsten Schröder The total number of dependent employees in Germany has increased by more than four million since the financial crisis. Part of this growth took place in the low-wage sector. Analyses based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel, which in 2017 for the first time include detailed information on secondary employment, show that there were around nine million low-wage employment contracts in Germany that year, around one quarter of all contracts. Women, young adults and employees in Eastern Germany are particularly likely to receive low wages. The legal minimum wage introduced in 2015 is below the [...] ( more )

IFO on 02.04.2019, 10:00 h
Seule une faible croissance économique attendue dans la zone euro

La croissance économique dans la zone euro sera faible cette année. Après 0,2 pour cent au premier trimestre de 2019, il n'atteindra que 0,3 pour cent au cours des trimestres suivants. C'est ce que prévoient les trois instituts ifo de Munich, KOF de Zurich et Istat de Rome. ( more )

IFO on 02.04.2019, 10:00 h
Only low economic growth expected in the euro area

Economic growth in the euro area will be weak this year. After 0.2 percent in the first quarter of 2019, it will only reach 0.3 percent in the following quarters. This is predicted by the three institutes ifo from Munich, KOF from Zurich and Istat from Rome. ( more )

IFO on 29.03.2019, 12:00 h
ifo Newsletter March 2019

The ifo Newsletter offers monthly reports in German on ifo's latest research results, key publications, selected events, personnel matters, forthcoming dates and much more. ( more )

IFO on 28.03.2019, 11:00 h
Strong improvement in ifo Business Climate Eastern Germany

The ifo Business Climate Eastern Germany showed strong improvement in March. The ifo Business Climate Index for the economy in eastern Germany rose from 100.4 to 102.5 points. Both the assessments of the current situation and the business expectations of the survey participants improved noticeably. The downward trend in the business confidence indicator for eastern Germany has thus been interrupted. ( more )

IAMO on 28.03.2019, 10:20 h
German-Ukrainian Agricultural Economics Summer School

The German-Ukrainian Summer School in Agricultural Economics ?Foundations of Agricultural Economics? was held from 3 to 17 March, 2019 at IAMO in Halle (Saale), Germany. ( more )

DIW on 28.03.2019, 02:42 h
Ecological Tax Revenue Still Yields Lower Pension Contributions and Higher Pensions Today

by Stefan Bach, Hermann Buslei, Michelle Harnisch and Niklas Isaak The ecological tax reform that Germany implemented between 1999 and 2003 increased energy tax rates—especially on gasoline and diesel. Today, the ecological tax hikes yield an annual revenue of around 20 billion euros or 0.6 percent of GDP. The money is used to finance a higher federal grant to the public pension scheme. Calculations based on a pension simulation model show that the contribution rate to the statutory pension fund is currently 1.2 percentage points lower and pensions 1.5 percent higher than they would be without the currently higher federal subsidies. A [...] ( more )

IAMO on 28.03.2019, 01:53 h
Registration for the workshop “Home Gardens as a Coping Strategy in Crises and Humanitarian Emergencies” until today

The Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops (IGZ), IAMO and Welthungerhilfe are conducting an international and interdisciplinary workshop on ?Home Gardens as a Coping Strategy in Crises and Humanitarian Emergencies? from 2 to 3 April 2019 in Bonn, Germany. ( more )

IFO on 27.03.2019, 09:00 h
ifo researcher Pittel: Minimal compromise of the German Transport Commission disappointing

The ifo researcher Karen Pittel has described the German Transport Commission's draft report as a "disappointing but little surprising minimal compromise". The result could unfortunately have been expected given the different interests of the members. In any case, such a commission lacks the mandate to make the necessary fundamental decisions that make substantial contributions to achieving Germany's climate targets. ( more )

IFO on 27.03.2019, 07:00 h
Fuest, Président de l'Institut ifo : Prolonger le délai du Brexit de deux ans

Le président de l'Institut ifo, Clemens Fuest, a demandé que la date de Brexit soit repoussée de deux ans. ( more )

IFO on 27.03.2019, 07:00 h
ifo President Fuest: Extend Brexit deadline by two years

ifo President Clemens Fuest has called for the Brexit date to be postponed by two years. "There is a danger that on 12 April there will be a Brexit without an agreement, which causes great damage and which neither side really wants," he said in Munich on Wednesday. "With the extended Brexit deadline of two years, the United Kingdom could rethink Brexit in principle. ( more )

IAMO on 26.03.2019, 01:16 h
Kick-off workshop for the PhD program has started

As part of the cooperation project ?Structured Doctoral Programme on Sustainable Agricultural Development in Central Asia? (SUSADICA), a kick-off workshop will be held from 26 to 27 March 2019 at IAMO in Halle (Saale), Germany. The event is being jointly organised by IAMO, Justus Liebig University Giessen (JLU), Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers (TIIAME). It is funded by the Volkswagen Foundation and two Uzbek ministries. ( more )

IAMO on 25.03.2019, 10:15 h
IAMO invites farmers to participate in online survey

Within the DFG research group ?Agricultural Land Markets - Efficiency and Regulation? (FORLand), IAMO and the University of Bonn conduct interviews concerning the effects of land market regulations for farmers and society. ( more )

IAMO on 25.03.2019, 05:28 h
Similar views on GM crops and food within families and groups of friends

Researchers at IAMO and the Czech University of Life Sciences have published a study on acceptance of genetically modified crops and foods in the online journal PLOS ONE. The focus of the research is upon the extent to which attitudes towards genetic modification in the agri-food sector correlate or diverge within private networks. ( more )

IAMO on 22.03.2019, 02:25 h
IAMO at the Leipzig Book Fair 2019

You can find IAMO at the Leipzig Book Fair at the booth of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (Hall 3, Stand G201) until Sunday. ( more )