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Forum On Educational Policy

The Forum On Educational Policy (information in German only) with the topic "Early Childhood Education" took place on 25th September in Berlin. The next Forum will take place on October 23th 2019.

Foto (v.l.n.r): MNStudio/shutterstock.com, photodeti/123RF.com, auremar/123RF.com, Diego Cervo/shutterstock.com

Publications

Find below the latest news (RSS feed) form our LERN partners:

DIW on 19.10.2018, 03:00 h
Job Displacement, Family Dynamics and Spousal Labor Supply

Abstract: We study interdependencies in spousal labor supply and the effectiveness of intrahousehold insurance in a sample of married couples, where the husband loses his job due to a mass layoff or plant closure using data from the Austrian Social Security Database. We show that in our sample of relatively young couples the shock hits households at crucial stages of family formation, which requires careful modeling of the wives' counterfactual lifecycle labor market patterns. In our empirical analysis, we propose three independent control groups of unaffected households to identify the causal effects of husbands' displacement on wives' labor supply. [...] ( more )

DIW on 19.10.2018, 02:00 h
Coal Transition in Germany: Learning from past Transitions to Build Phase-Out Pathways


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DIW on 18.10.2018, 01:00 h
Negative Interest Rates and the Signalling Channel: In-Depth Analysis


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DIW on 17.10.2018, 05:00 h
Refugees in Germany with Children Still Living Abroad Have Lowest Life Satisfaction

Abstract: Family strongly influences personal well-being?especially in the case of refugees, whose family members often remain in their homeland. This report is the first to closely examine the well-being and family structures of refugees who came to Germany between January 2013 and January 2016. It uses data from the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany. Among individuals aged between 18 and 49, nine percent have minor children living outside Germany, whereas twelve percent have a husband or wife living abroad. If the nuclear family is living in Germany?which is more often the case for women than men?refugees are measurably more [...] ( more )

DIW on 17.10.2018, 05:00 h
Who Cares about Social Image?

Abstract: This paper experimentally investigates how concerns for social approval relate to intrinsic motivations to purchase ethically. Participants state their willingness-to-pay for both a fair trade and a conventional chocolate bar in private or publicly. A standard model of social image predicts that all participants increase their fair trade premium when facing an audience. We find that the premium is indeed higher in public than in private. This effect, however, is driven by participants who preferred a conventional chocolate bar over a fair trade one in a pre-lab choice. For those who chose the fair trade chocolate bar, public exposure does [...] ( more )

DIW on 17.10.2018, 05:00 h
International Treaties Insufficiently Curb Global Tax Evasion

Abstract: In recent years, the global community has promoted several initiatives aimed at breaking bank secrecy in tax havens. Such treaties for the exchange of information among tax offices can be effective. A treaty between country A and tax haven B reduces deposits from A in banks of B by approximately 30 percent. However, the analysis shows that tax evaders react to such treaties not by becoming honest taxpayers but rather by adapting their practice of tax evasion. Consequently, the international community must crack down on tax evasion more aggressively ? for example, by disclosing the final beneficiaries of assets in tax havens or making it [...] ( more )

DIW on 17.10.2018, 03:00 h
The Local Economic Impact of Wind Power Deployment

Abstract: This study focuses on the local economic impacts of wind power deployment.Wind power deployment is not necessarily driven by locally accruing economic payoffs only, but potentially also by other factors, such as emphasis on environmentally friendly energy production and its associated benefits. Thus, the local economic impacts of wind power deployment are ambiguous.We empirically test the existence of such impacts using German county-level panel data. After controlling for a set of observable and unobservable factors, the results show that wind power installation does not have a statistically significant impact on GDP per capita. The [...] ( more )

DIW on 16.10.2018, 12:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Frühe Jugend (13-14 Jahre), Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 12:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Personenfragebogen Kurzfassung (Lücke), Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 12:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Mutter und Kind (9-10 Jahre), Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 12:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Die verstorbene Person, Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 10:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Mutter und Kind (2-3 Jahre), Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 10:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Mutter und Kind (5-6 Jahre), Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 10:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Eltern und Kind (7-8 Jahre), Altstichproben


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DIW on 16.10.2018, 04:00 h
Eu Commission Proposal for 2021–2027 Budget: Lost Opportunities

Abstract: In May, the EU Commission presented its proposal for the EU budget for 2021 to 2027?a period of change for the EU. Not only will Great Britain?s exit from the Union leave a significant hole in the budget, but at the same time the budget must cover a vast range of additional requirements. Current international policy developments are already demanding the EU acting as a community, and the European project will continue to require a high level of investment. For managing this balancing act expenditure cuts in traditional areas are indispensable. But the Commission?s lopsided proposal relies on higher revenue. Currently, the Commission is [...] ( more )

DIW on 15.10.2018, 04:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Mutter und Kind (Neugeboren), Altstichproben


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DIW on 15.10.2018, 02:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Schülerinnen und Schüler (11-12 Jahre), Altstichproben


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DIW on 15.10.2018, 02:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Lebenslauffragebogen, Stichproben A-L3


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DIW on 15.10.2018, 02:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Jugendfragebogen, Stichproben A-L3


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DIW on 15.10.2018, 01:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Haushaltsfragebogen, Stichproben A-L3


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DIW on 15.10.2018, 01:00 h
SOEP-Core – 2017: Personenfragebogen, Stichproben A-L3


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DIW on 11.10.2018, 11:00 h
Consequences of Extreme Weather Events for Developing Countries Based on the Example of Mongolia: Editorial


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DIW on 11.10.2018, 11:00 h
Weather Index Insurance Can Help Households Recover from Extreme Weather Events

Abstract: Weather index insurance is considered a promising international climate policy instrument that can help households adapt better to climate change. This is especially true in developing countries where households often suffer severely from the consequences of extreme weather events. This report is one of the first to evaluate the impact of a globally recognized index insurance, Mongolia?s Index-Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI). The empirical study is based on econometric methods and uses data from a survey of almost 1,800 households. It shows that index insurance has a clear positive effect on households: in the first three years after an [...] ( more )

DIW on 11.10.2018, 11:00 h
Extremely Harsh Winters Threaten the Livelihood of Mongolia’s Herders

Abstract: Households in developing countries are exposed to increasingly extreme weather events that could endanger their prosperity. This study examines the impact of the unusually cold, snowy winter of 2009/2010 on the livestock of Mongolian households. Livestock represents on average more than 90 percent of the value of all assets owned. It is essential for current consumption and?due to the insufficient financial infrastructure?the most important means to provide for the future. The econometric analysis is based on three waves of a household panel survey that the German Institute for Economic Research carried out in collaboration with the [...] ( more )

DIW on 11.10.2018, 11:00 h
Extreme Weather Events Drastically Reduce School Completion by Mongolian Children

Abstract: As climate change progresses, extreme weather events are occurring more often, with developing countries suffering the brunt. Using Mongolia as an example, this study examines how extremely cold and snowy winters?which lead to high livestock mortality and thus threaten the livelihood of many households?impact children?s school completion. The results, based on a representative household survey conducted by DIW Berlin and the Mongolian National Statistical Office, show that Mongolian children who experienced an extreme winter while of schooling age and lived in a severely affected district had a 20.1 to 26.1 percentage point lower [...] ( more )

DIW on 11.10.2018, 09:00 h
Labor Supply under Participation and Hours Constraints

Abstract: The paper extends a static discrete-choice labor supply model by adding participation and hours constraints. We identify restrictions by survey information on the eligibility and search activities of individuals as well as actual and desired hours. This provides for a more robust identification of preferences and constraints. Both, preferences and restrictions are allowed to vary by and are related through observed and unobserved characteristics. We distinguish various restrictions mechanisms: labor demand rationing, working hours norms varying across occupations, and insufficient public childcare on the supply side of the market. The effect [...] ( more )

DIW on 11.10.2018, 02:00 h
Testing Identification via Heteroskedasticity in Structural Vector Autoregressive Models

Abstract: Tests for identification through heteroskedasticity in structural vector autoregressive analysis are developed for models with two volatility states where the time point of volatility change is known. The tests are Wald type tests for which only the unrestricted model including the covariance matrices of the two volatility states have to be estimated. The residuals of the model are assumed to be from the class of elliptical distributions which includes Gaussian models. The asymptotic null distributions of the test statistics are derived and simulations are used to explore their small sample properties. Two empirical examples illustrate the [...] ( more )

DIW on 10.10.2018, 05:00 h
Are Retirees More Satisfied? – Anticipation and Adaptation Effects of Retirement on Subjective Well-Being: A Panel Analysis for Germany

Abstract: Quality of life and satisfaction with life are of particular importance for individuals as well as for society concerning the ?demographic change? with now longer retirement periods. This study will contribute to the life satisfaction discussion and quantifies life satisfaction and pattern of explanation before and after such a prominent life cycle event, the entrance into retirement. In particular, with the individual longitudinal data and 33 waves of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the appropriate microeconometric causal fixed effects robust panel methods we ask and quantify if actual life satisfaction indeed is decreasing before [...] ( more )

DIW on 10.10.2018, 05:00 h
The Role of Time Preferences in Educational Decision Making

Abstract: We analyze the implication of time-inconsistent preferences in educational decision making and corresponding policies using a structural dynamic choice model. We make two important research contributions. First, we estimate our model using data from the German Socioeconomic Panel (soep) and provide quantitative evidence for time-inconsistent behavior in educational decision making. Second, we evaluate the relevance of time-inconsistent behavior for the effectiveness of education policies. For this purpose, we simulate policies where time preferences may play an important role: (1) an increase in the state grant for students as a way to [...] ( more )

DIW on 10.10.2018, 03:00 h
Redistribution and Insurance in Welfare States around the World

Abstract: Redistribution across individuals in a one-year-period framework is an empirically intensely studied question. However, a substantial share of annual redistribution might turn out to serve individual insurance in a longer perspective. In particular, public pensions, that smooth incomes over the life-cycle and are funded by high taxes, play an increasingly important role in welfare states with aging societies. This paper investigates to what extent long-run redistribution diverges from annual redistribution in welfare states of different types. Exploiting panel data from the Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF) for Australia, Germany, Korea, [...] ( more )

DIW on 10.10.2018, 02:00 h
Prediction Based on Entrepreneurship-Prone Personality Profiles: Sometimes Worse Than the Toss of a Coin

Abstract: The human personality predicts a wide range of activities and occupational choices?from musical sophistication to entrepreneurial careers. However, which method should be applied if information on personality traits is used for prediction and advice? In psychological research, group profiles are widely employed. In this contribution, we examine the performance of profiles using the example of career prediction and advice, involving a comparison of average trait scores of successful entrepreneurs with the traits of potential entrepreneurs. Based on a simple theoretical model estimated with GSOEP data and analyzed with Monte Carlo methods, [...] ( more )

DIW on 09.10.2018, 05:00 h
Constructing Joint Confidence Bands for Impulse Response Functions of VAR Models: A Review

Abstract: Methods for constructing joint confidence bands for impulse response functions which are commonly used in vector autoregressive analysis are reviewed. While considering separate intervals for each horizon individually still seems to be the most common approach, a substantial number of methods have been proposed for making joint inferences about the complete impulse response paths up to a given horizon. A structured presentation of these methods is provided. Furthermore, existing evidence on the small-sample performance of the methods is gathered. The collected information can help practitioners to decide on a suitable confidence band for a [...] ( more )

DIW on 08.10.2018, 03:00 h
Implementing Coal Transition - Insights from Case Studies of Major Coal-Consuming Economies: A Summary Report of the Coal Transitions Project ; Based on Inputs Developed under the Coal Transitions Research Project


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DIW on 05.10.2018, 03:00 h
SOEP-Metafile.do – a Stata Do-file to Generate a Metafile for the SOEP Data Files


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DIW on 05.10.2018, 02:00 h
SOEP-Core v33.1 – BIOPAREN: Biography Information for the Parents of SOEP-Respondents


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DIW on 05.10.2018, 02:00 h
SOEP-Core v33.1 – The couple history files BIOCOUPLM and BIOCOUPLY, and marital history files BIOMARSM and BIOMARSY


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DIW on 01.10.2018, 10:00 h
Class Rank and Long-Run Outcomes

Abstract: This paper considers a fundamental question about the school environment ? what are the long run effects of a student?s ordinal rank in elementary school? Using administrative data from all public school students in Texas, we show that students with a higher third grade academic rank, conditional on ability and classroom effects, have higher subsequent test scores, are more likely to take AP classes, graduate high school, enroll in college, and ultimately have higher earnings 19 years later. Given these findings, the paper concludes by exploring the tradeoff between higher quality schools and higher rank.
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