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HIS-Graduate Panel 1997

Research Question

Panel-Survey of higher education graduates regarding the following topics:

  • Studies, study experiences, study quality
  • Transition from higher education to work
  • Employment and job satisfaction
  • Further academic and vocational training and demands
  • Living conditions and family

Test Language


Test Period

1st wave: 1998
2nd wave: 2003 

Test Area


Target Persons

Higher education graduates

Population / Sample

The population includes graduates who obtained their first degree during the examination period of 1997 at a university/college (Hochschule) in Germany (except graduates from universities of the German armed forces, (Universitäten der Bundeswehr), college of public administration (Verwaltungsfachhochschulen), universities for professionals (Hochschule für Berufstätige) and universities of cooperative education (Berufsakademien).

The examination period of 1997 includes the winter term 1996/1997 and the summer term 1997.

The sample is a disproportional stratified cluster sample. The clusters were defined according to the subject area, type of degree and university/college (Hochschule). Moreover the distribution of graduates according to the type and the location of the university (eastern and western federal states) were taken into account.

Sample Size

Gross sample: ca. 35.000 graduates
­Net sample 1st wave: 9583 graduates
­Net sample 2nd wave: 6220 graduates

­6216 cases are in the Scientific Use File.

Survey Procedure and Instruments

paper and pencil survey

Link to the Detailed Description of the Study [only available in German]

Persistent Identifier


Data Accessible via Research Data Centre

GESIS – Leibniz-Institute for the Social Sciences

Information about the user conditions can be found here:

Documentation of Variables¬abs=&af=&nf=1&search=&search2=&db=E

Selection of Publications using the Data

Kerst, C. & Minks, K.-H. (2005). Fünf Jahre nach dem Studienabschluss Berufsverlauf und aktuelle Situation von Hochschulabsolventinnen und -absolventen des Prüfungsjahrgangs 1997. Hannover: HIS. (in German)

Klein, M. & Weiss, F. (2011). Soziale Netzwerke und Jobfindung von Hochschulabsolventen - Die Bedeutung des Netzwerktyps für monetäre Arbeitsmarkterträge und Ausbildungsadäquatheit. Zeitschrift für Soziologie, 40(3), 228–245. (in German)

Leuze, K. & Strauß, S. (2009). Lohnungleichheiten zwischen Akademikerinnen und Akademikern: Der Einfluss von fachlicher Spezialisierung, frauendominierten Fächern und beruflicher Segregation. Zeitschrift für Soziologie, 38(4), 262–281. (in German)

Ochsenfeld, F. (2014). Why Do Women’s Fields of Study Pay Less? A Test of Devaluation, Human Capital, and Gender Role Theory. European Sociological Review, 30(4), 536–548.

Related Data

HIS-Graduate Panel 2001 (CUF) (link)
HIS-Graduate Panel 2001 (SUF) (link)

Research Area(s)