Foto (v.l.n.r): MNStudio/, photodeti/, auremar/, Diego Cervo/

National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 1 – Early Childhood (SC1)

Research Question

The aim of this substudy is to generate a longitudinal cohort starting with infants in their first year of life. The families are visited in their homes. Substantial, theory-driven surveys are conducted with the children (as target persons) and their parents as well as caregivers outside the home (group managers of day-care centers or Kindergartens, childminders). These data will enable scientists to describe and analyze educational processes and trajectories as well as competence development.

The main research questions of this substudy of the NEPS include:

  • How do children under 4 years of age develop early skills and abilities and in what ways are processes of development and education supported by the settings of child care and education within and outside the family?
  • How do familial and extrafamilial settings interact?
  • When (from what age) do families start making use of child-care settings and education outside the family and to what extent does this depend on the development of the child and/or on the family background including the learning environment of the family, parental needs, and orientations?

Test Language


Test Period

Panel entry fall 2012; at least one survey per year

Test Area


Target Persons

7-month-old babies at panel start 2012/13

Context Persons

Mothers (parents), childminders outside the family home (group manager day nursery/Kindergarten and home-based childminders)

Population / Sample

Population: 7-month-old babies at panel start 2012/13
Sample: Random sample

Sample Size

Ca. 3,000. This information refers to the first wave of the panel.

Survey Procedure and Instruments

Test of skills and abilities in early childhood, computer-assisted interview of mothers or parents (CAPI), written questionnaire for childminders outside the family home (PAPI)

Link to the Detailed Description of the Study

Persistent Identifier


Data Accessible via Research Data Centre

To the Study Documentation at the Research Data Center LIfBi:

Information about the user conditions can be found here:


Dr. Daniel Fuß
Operational Manager
Phone: +49 951 / 863 - 35 11
Email: fdz[at]


The aim is to establish a diverse community of data users with different backgrounds, rather than a restricted group of experienced analysts. All researchers interested in working with the data must be accommodated to ensure not only equal research opportunities but also high-quality analyses. The training courses introduce the research design of the NEPS, the structure of data sets, terms and conditions of data usage, issues of privacy and data protection, and so on.
Day 1: obligatory for first time participants (basic program)
Day 2: for interested data users (optional)

More information and the current program is available here:

Related Data

National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 2—Kindergarten (SC2)
National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 3—Grade 5 (SC3)
National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 4—Grade 9 (SC4)
National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 5—First-Year Students (SC5)
National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Starting Cohort 6—Adults (SC6)

Additional studies:
National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): G8 Reform Study in Baden-Wuerttemberg (BW)
National Educational Panel Study (NEPS): Organizational Reform Study in Thuringia (TH)

Research Area(s)