Survey of Reading and Mathematics Comprehension: Development from Grades 4 to 6 in Berlin (ELEMENT)
The longitudinal study ELEMENT aimed to investigate students' learning background and their learning progress in the transition period from primary to secondary education at Berlin's primary and middle schools and grammar schools grade 5-plus (the latter are comparatively rare in Berlin, where primary school normally covers grades 1-6, and grammar school starts from grade 7). It focused on student performance in German and mathematics, with supplementary tests in English at the third measuring time.
2003-2005: The study was designed with three measurement points from grade 4 to grade 6.
Students in grades 4, 5 and 6 at primary schools and grammar schools in Berlin
Parents of the selected student
Population / Sample
Representative sample of primary schools and the full survey of grammar schools including grade 5 and 6 in Berlin
n= circa 5,000 target persons
Survey Procedure and Instruments
In addition to academic performance (German, mathematics, English), the tests also covered students' motivational and emotional attitudes with regard to school and classroom teaching. Furthermore, parents were asked to fill in questionnaires on their children's familial background and their own attitudes regarding education.
Link to the Detailed Description of the Study
Data Accessible via Research Data Centre
To the Study Documentation at the FDZ at the IQB: https://www.iqb.hu-berlin.de/fdz/studies/Element
Information about the user conditions can be found here:
Documentation of Variables
The ELEMENT Handbook of Scales as PDF-file can be found here for download:
https://www.iqb.hu-berlin.de/fdz/studies/Element/ELEMENT_Skalendo.pdf (only available in German)
Phone: +49 30 / 20 93 - 465 52
Selection of Publications using the Data
The ELEMENT Publications list as PDF-file can be found here for download: