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Programme for International Student Assessment 2000 (PISA 2000)

Research Question

Starting in the year 2000 and carried out at three-year intervals, the PISA study assessed the performance of 15-year-old students in the domains of reading, mathematics and science. It also looked at cross-curricular competences such as prerequisites for self-regulated learning as well as aspects of students' ability to cooperate and communicate. The study operates within the framework of an internationally agreed concept of "literacy". Rather than focusing on the assessment of students' factual knowledge, PISA evaluates the basic knowledge and skills required to participate in social, economic and political life. It examines the extent to which young adults have acquired these broader competences and gauges social disparities in educational achievement.

The PISA 2000 survey focused on the subject area of reading competence also assessing student performance in mathematics and science on a smaller scale.

Only the data for PISA-E and a sample of the 9th graders are available at the FDZ at the IQB.

Test Language


Test Period


Test Area and International Link

National / International connection by the international sample

Target Persons

15-year-old students and 9th graders at general education schools (adapted tests in special education schools)

Context Persons

Principals of the selected schools

Population / Sample

The basic population is composed of all 15-year old students. The sample selection process in each country was subject to detailed quality standards defined by the international project management. In a first step, the educational systems of the participating countries were broken down by key characteristics such as regions (federal states, provinces, cantons, etc.) and school types. Within these subdivisions (in Germany: school types within the federal states), schools were then sampled at random. In the second step of the selection process, 15-year-old students were sampled within the sampled schools, again at random.

In Germany, the option of an additional grade-based sample was taken up.

Sample Size

n= circa 46,000 target persons (all together)
n= circa 5,000 target persons (international sample)
n= circa 41,000 target persons (Länder comparison sample)
n= circa 34,000 target persons (grade-based sample)

Survey Procedure and Instruments

Competence tests in German - reading comprehension (main focus), mathematics and natural sciences and questionnaires for students and teachers

Link to the Detailed Description of the Study

Persistent Identifier

DOI: 10.5159/IQB_PISA_2000_v1

Data Accessible via Research Data Centre

To the Study Documentation at the FDZ at the IQB:

Information about the user conditions can be found here:

Documentation of Variables

PDF-file for download can be found here:
(only available in German)


Monika Lacher
FDZ Secretary
Phone: +49 30 / 20 93 - 465 52
Email: fdz[at]

Selection of Publications using the Data

PISA 2000 publications list can be found here as PDF-file for download:

Related Data

Programme for International Student Assessment 2003 (PISA 2003)
PISA-I-Plus 2003, 2004 (link)
Programme for International Student Assessment 2006 (PISA 2006)
Programme for International Student Assessment 2009 (PISA 2009)

Research Area(s)