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Cumulative Assessment Study on Mathematics in Rhineland-Palatinate: Competencies, Classroom Teaching Features, School Context (MARKUS) - Context and Background Features

Research Question

MARKUS is an assessment study within the framework of school-quality monitoring in the German Land of Rhineland-Palatinate. It encompassed a survey of the mathematics performance of grade 8 students and the compilation of features related to learning and classroom teaching as well as to factors of situational context inside and outside school.

Only the data on context and background features are available.

Test Language


Test Period


Test Area


Target Persons

Students in grade 8

Context Persons

Mathematics Teachers of the selected students and the principals of the selected schools

Population / Sample

All students of the 8th Grade of every school in Rhineland-Palatinate (except special education schools)

Sample Size

n= circa 39,000 students

Survey Procedure and Instruments

Achievement tests in mathematics and questionnaires for students, teachers and principals

Link to the Detailed Description of the Study,_Unterrichtsbedingungen,_schulischer_Kontext_%28MARKUS%29
(in German)

Persistent Identifier

DOI: 10.5159/IQB_MARKUS_v1

Data Accessible via Research Data Centre

To the Study Documentation at the FDZ at the IQB:

Scales and variables used are described on the homepage of the Research Data Centre (FDZ) at the IQB.

Information about the user conditions can be found here:


Monika Lacher
FDZ Secretary
Phone: +49 30 / 20 93 - 465 52
Email: fdz[at]

Selection of Publications using the Data

The publications list can be found here as PDF-file for download: (only available in German)

Research Area(s)